Home / Indian Politics / Fundamental Rights of India: From Article 14 to Article 32

Fundamental Rights of India: From Article 14 to Article 32

Fundamental Rights: Fundamental rights are mentioned in the part 3 of Indian Constitution. Fundamental rights are essential for the moral, physical and spiritual development of a person. The way in which food and water is essential for life similarly fundamental rights are essential for the development of person’s personality and without home no one can make their complete development.

Fundamental Rights

Difference between fundamental rights and general legal rights

Fundamental rights are enforced by the constitution of India and no changes can be made to these rights, where as the general legal rights are enforced by the state or Central government of India. It it will vary from state to States.

Types of fundamental Rights

In the constitution of India the fundamental rights are described in the Article 14 to Article 39. Fundamental rights are divided into six parts.

  1. Right to equality
  2. Right to freedom
  3. Right to Exploitation
  4. Cultural and educational rights
  5. Right to constitutional Remedies

Right to Equality

Article 14

Equality Before Law

Article 15

Prohibition of Discrimination on Grounds of Religion, Race, Caste, Sex or Place of birth

Article 16

Equality of Opportunity in matters of public employment

Article 17

Abolition of untouchability

Article 18

Abolition of Titles

Right to Freedom

Article 19

Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech

 

Article 20

Protection in respect of conviction for offences

Article 21

Protection of life and Personality

Article 22

Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

Right Against Exploitation

Article 23

Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

Article 24

Prohibition of Employment of Children in factories

Right to Freedom of Religion

Article 25

Freedom of Conscience and Free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article 26

Freedom to manage religious affairs

Article 27

Freedom as to Payment taxes in religion

Article 28

Freedom as to attendance at religious institution

Cultural and Educational Rights

Article 29

Protection of Interest of Minorities

Article 30

Right of Minorities to establish and administer educational Institutes

Article 31

Omitted by 44th Amendment Act,1978

Rights to constitutional Remedies

Article 32

Violation of Fundamental Rights

Right to Equality

Right of equality (Fundamental Rights)

The Right to equality states that there will be no interference or any quality in the name of caste religion gender in the state. However for women children backward class people the state have to provide special facility and special reservation. Right to equality is mentioned in the article 14, 15, 16, 17 and article 18.

Article 14

Article 14 states that the states shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

Article 15

Article 15 prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, sex and all places of birth.

Article 16

There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office on the state.

Article 17

Abolition untouchability age abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.

Article 18

No title, not being a military or academic distinction shall be conferred by the state.

Right to freedom

Right to freedom
Byju

Freedom is essential for a man to live in the society for a citizen of a country. It is essential that the country have to  provide you to speak right and express yourself in the state. Right to freedom is mentioned in the article 19 of Indian constitution

Article 19

Article 19 guarantees following six fundamental freedoms:

  1. Freedom of speech and expression
  2. Freedom of assembly
  3. Freedom to form the Association.
  4. Freedom of residence and settlement
  5. Freedom of profession, occupation trade or business.

Right Against Exploitation

The right against Exploitation is mentioned in the article 23 and article 24 of Indian Constitution.

Article 23

Traffic in human beings and ‘beggar’ and other similar forms of forced labor is prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offense punishable in accordance with the law.

Article 24

Article 24 States that no child below the age of 14 can be employed in any factory or mine or any other employment sector.

Article 25

Article 25 states that freedom of cosines and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

Article 26

Article 26 subject to public order, morality and health every religion shall have the right.

Article 27

Articles 27 indicate that, no person shall be compelled to pay any tax for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.

Article 28

Article 28 is about the steps to freedom as to attendance at religious institution or religious worship in certain educational institutes.

Cultural and Educational Rigt

Education is the backbone of a country’s development. So in Indian constitution Article 29 and Article 30 states about the Cultural and Educational Rights.

Article 29

Article 29 is about protection of interest of minorities.

Article 30

Article 30 is to provide right of minority to establish and administer educational institute.

Article 31

Article 31 is emitted by the 44th amendment act 1978. It also was a part of Cultural and Educational Rights.

Rights to Constitutional Remedies

Article 32

Article 32 Two States to the right to move the supreme court in case of violation of fundamental rights. Every citizen has the right to pray from Supreme Court to protect fundamental rights.

Important Points about the Fundamental Rights

  • The fundamental rights are given by the Parliament of India.
  • Fundamental Rights are collected from the Parliament of USA.
  • The rights are limited when the crisis (Emergency) is announced. (1975 to 1977, Declared by Indira Gandhi)
  • In the area where military law is applicable, at that time the officers can encroach or abrogate the fundamental rights.
image_pdfDownload PDF Now

About Subhendu

I Professionally an Engineer. I love working on Web Development and Blogging. Now I am working at India Gk Group as a author. You can Contact me at [email protected]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *