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The Universe and Big Bang Theory

The Universe: Are you looking for Geography GK of the universe chapter. Here we have published the universe Gk with Big Bang Theory and Dopler effect.

The Universe and Big Bang Theory

Welcome all of you to the Universe, chapter of Geography GK. In this chapter, we will discuss the Universe, Doppler effect, Big Bang theory of the universe, Galaxies, Local Group, and Red Shift.

What is the Universe?

Table of Contents

The Universe is commonly defined as the totality of everything that exists, including all physical matter and energy, the Planets, Stars, Galaxies and the contents of intergalactic space.

The study of the universe is known as Cosmology

The universe comprises of billions of galaxies. The galaxies are made up of millions of stars held together by the force of Gravity.

Andromeda is our Nearest Galaxy

One can observe in the night sky, various patterns formed by different groups of stars. These are called constellations.

Ursa Major or Big Bear or Saptarlshi Mandala is one such constellation.

Among the others, there is the ‘North Star‘, which indicates the north direction (North Pole). It is also called the ‘Pole Star‘. It always remains in the same position in the sky.

Some essential bodies that do not have their own heat and light. They are lighted by the light of the stars. Such bodies are called Planets.

The word ‘Planet’ comes from the Greek word “Planetai” which means wonders.

What is Galaxy?

Galaxy is giant assemblies of Stars, Planets, Gases, and dust. These stars occur in huge bunches or clusters. They are so big that they have sometimes been called Islands Universe. Milky Way and Andromeda are two examples.

Akash Ganga

Our Own galaxy is called the Milky Way and it contains about 300 billion Stars and one of these is our Sun. Planets and other objects go round the Sun and make up the solar system with the Sun at the center.

In India Milky Way (Our Own Galaxy) is popularly Known as “Akash Ganga

There are three types of Galaxies, as follows:

  1. Spiral Galaxies
  2. Elliptical Galaxies
  3. Irregular Galaxies

Our Milky Way galaxy is a spiral Galaxy.

In AD 140, Ptolemy proposed the theory that the Earth was the center of the Universe and the other heavenly bodies revolved around it.

In 1543, Copernicus said that the Sun is the center of the universe and not earth.

Kepler supported Copernicus but suggested that the Sun is the center of the Solar system, not the universe.

In 1924, Edwin Hubble first demonstrated the existence of galaxies beyond Milky Way.

Also Read: The Solar System and the Sun

Evolution of Universe

The three main theories put forwarded to explain the origin and evolution of the universe are:

  1. Big Bang Theory
  2. Steady State Theory
  3. The pulsating theory

Big Bang Theory

Big Bang Theory was proposed by Georges Le Maitre.

According to the Big Bang theory, about 10 to 20 billion years ago, cosmic matter (universe) was confined in a superdense ball in a state of extremely high temperature and pressure.

Steady State Theory

Hermann Bondi,Thomas Gold, and Fred Hoyle devloped Steady state Theory.

Steady state theory states that although the universe is expanding, it nevertheless does not change its appearance over time, it has no beginning and no end.

The Pulsating Theory

According to pulsating theory, the universe is supposed to be expanding and contracting alternatively i.e, pulsating. At present, the universe is expanding.

Doppler Effect and Red Shift

The shifting of light coming from the galaxies to the red end of the spectrum is known as the Red Shift. The red color band has the lowest frequency and the longest wavelength in the visible spectrum.

This proportionate increase shows that matter in the Universe is in a state of rapid expansion and this idea of rapid expansion is the basis of all the Modern theories about the origin of the Universe.

Local Group

A cluster of 54 known galaxies is known as a local group. Milky Way and Andromeda are the two largest known galaxies.

Geography Gk Related Questions

Total number of Satellites of mars are

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Third nearest planet of the Sun is

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Mercury>Venus>Earth

Which comet appeared every 76 years?

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Which planets do not have any satellite?

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The Pole Star is a part of

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The moon's period of revolution with reference to the sun is _______

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Shooting star is called _______

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Scorpio constellation is also known as:

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Concept of black Hole was given by

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Which planet is considered as 'Earh's Twin'?

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Venus is considered as 'Earth's Twin' because of its size and shape is very similar to that of earth.

Which planet is considered as morning and Evening Star ?

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Which is the nearest star to the Earth after the Sun?

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Which is the farthest heavenly body visible to the naked eye?

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How many satellite Uranus has?

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Uranus has 27 satellite

Neptune has how many satellites?

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Neptune has 14 satellites: Titron, Merid, N-1, N-2, N-3 etc

How many days mercury takes to complete one round around the Sun?

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Consider the Following Statements (i) Pluto is no more a planet (ii) Neptune and Pluto are called Jovian Twins (iii) Sirus is the birghtest star Which of these are corect?

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One light year is equal to

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Mars has how many satellites?

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Mars has two satellites: Phobos and Demos

Which of the following does not belong to the Solar System?

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The outermost layer of the Sun is called

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The Glowing surface of the Earth is called______

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The glowing surface of the Sun is called PhotoSphere and above the photosphere is Red Coloured "Chromosphere"

What is the name of our Galax?

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Our GAlaxy name is Milkyway. In India, it is locally known as Akasha Ganga.

Which theory is not related to Universe?

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Big Bang Theory, Doppler's Effect, and Red Shift Effect is related to Origin of the Universe but Newton's Law is related to Motion.

What is the Diameter of the Moon?

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The shape of our Milky Way is _______

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Why do we see only one side of the Moon?

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Which is the nearest planet to the Sun?

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Which appears as 'Greenish Star'?

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Which of the Planet has the fattest revolution period in our Solar System?

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It takes 88 days to revolve around the Sun.

Which Planet is known as Red Planet?

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Due to the Presence of Rock, it appears as Orange-Red star in the sky. So Mars is called Red star

Which planet is the Second largest Planet in our Solar System?

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The Sun mostly consists of ------ Gas

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The planets are kept in motion in their respective orbit by

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Which of the following is responsible for ocean streams?

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The solar Elipse achieves totality only in the limited Geographical area because

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The first person reached at Moon is

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Which planet is known as Hottest Planet in our Solar System?

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Venus is the hottest Planet due to 97% Presence of CO2

The smallest planet in our solar system is ________

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Biggest Planet outside solar system is

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